Svoge municipality is located north of Sofia and borders the municipalities Sofia,  Kostinbrod, Godech, Varshetz, Vratsa, Mezdra, Botevgrad and Elin Pelin. Svoge is the second largest municipality in Sofia district and occupies an area of ​​866

The terrain is mostly mountainous with an average altitude of 818 meters. The municipality includes parts of Mala Mountain, southern slopes of Koznitsa and Big Mountain and Iskar Gorge, where is concentrated the bulk of the settlements. The features of the terrain and the geological structures define the region as a landslide.

The watercourses and the water areas within the municipality occupy 3630 ha, which is 0.42% of the total territory. The largest river that runs through the territory of the municipality is the Iskar River.